# [UC35] Standard Consumption Patterns Creation

### Load profile estimation is used when real profile data are missing to obtain a realistic energy consumption profile. These load profiles have various uses, such as short-term analysis, grid load estimates, energy balances, and load flows.

**The Utility Problem**

Utilities are in various phases of smart meter implementation. If smart meters are not fully implemented, it is difficult to obtain a realistic load profile of energy consumption. If such a profile is required and consumption readings are taken once every six months or once a year, it is necessary to work with load profile estimation, also known as standard consumption pattern. These load profile estimates (consumption patterns) have a wide range of uses. Such uses are, for example, uses in analysis for periods shorter than the meter reading period; these include analyses of grid load estimates for different time intervals, energy balances, load flows, etc.

Several methods of estimating these values can be used. These methods range from simpler ones that take, for example, the average value of the measured data to more complex ones that use complex mathematical operations such as probability densities, but also many others. For such calculations, it is necessary to have at least some sample of real/measured time-series data on which to base the calculations. The larger this sample is (i.e. more meters with different types of consumption, with or without electricity heating, with or without electric hot water heating), but also the longer the time period (time period over which this data is measured), the more accurate the output of the calculation itself is expected to be.

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